A cyber threat refers to anything that has the potential to cause serious harm to a computer system that is something that may or may not happen but has the potential to cause serious damage. This threat (mitre att&ck framework) focuses on accessing, changing, or otherwise destroying important information, extorting money from users or organizations, and even disrupting standard business procedures. Creating and maintaining efficient cyber threat measures is difficult because globally, there are more devices than people and threats are increasingly skilled at adapting to known security measures.
Cyberthreats can lead to attacks on computer systems, networks, and more. It attacks computer systems, networks, and can put individuals’ computer systems and business computers at risk, so vulnerabilities have to be fixed so that attackers cannot infiltrate the system and cause damage. Almost all of our formal and informal communication, financial transactions have been digitalized that has made our life easier. But, it is also important to be aware of the threats and risks that this medium possesses.
Here given some list of some of the reasons why the cyber threat occurs, sometimes we also called it as mitre attack framework.
2. Denial of service
3. Man in the middle-crypto jacking
4. SQL injection
5. DDOS attack
6. Password attack
7. Advanced persistent threats (apt).
Phishing: Phishing is a common form of social engineering and works as well as it is a technique by which cybercriminals craft emails to fool a target into taking some harmful action. The recipient might be tricked into downloading malware that’s asked for sensitive information like bank usernames and passwords and many phishing emails are relatively crude that cause to thousands of potential victims.
Denial of service: A denial of service attack is a method to try to stop some online service from working properly. In this stage, attackers might send so much traffic to a website or so many requests to a database that it overwhelms those systems ability to function
Man in the middle: A man in the middle attack (MITM) is an attacker who manages to interpose themselves secretly between the user and a web service they’re trying to access. When users or devices access a remote system over the internet, they assume they are communicating directly with the server of the target system. In a MitM attack, attackers break this assumption, placing themselves in between the user and the target server. If the attacker has intercepted once communications, they may be able to compromise a user’s credentials, steal sensitive data, and return different responses to the user.
SQL injection: By using it, an attacker can take control of a victim’s database. Remember that, it’s especially harmful to servers that store personally identifiable information (PII) such as credit card numbers, usernames, and passwords.
DDOS attack: A distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack occurs when cybercriminals flood a website with more traffic than it can handle from different IP addresses around the world and they use it as a distraction to break into the organization’s data while it focuses on restoring its website.
Password attack: A hacker can gain access to the password information of an individual by ‘sniffing’ the connection to the network, using social engineering, guessing, or gaining access to a password database. An attacker can ‘guess’ a password in a random or systematic way.
When an individual or group gains unauthorized access to a network and remains undiscovered for an extended period of time, attackers may exfiltrate sensitive data, deliberately avoiding detection by the organization’s security staff. In this case, APTs require sophisticated attackers and involve major efforts, so they are typically launched against nation-states, large corporations, or other highly valuable targets.
5 ways to keep your organization safe from cyber threats
1. Use a firewall: The major computer operating systems have built-in firewalls, software designed to create a barrier between your information and the outside world. Firewalls prevent unauthorized access to your business network and the first thing to do with a new computer (or the computer you now use) is to make sure the firewall is enabled before you go online. You can purchase or collect a hardware firewall from companies like Cisco, Sophos, or Fortinet, depending on your broadband router, which also has a built-in firewall that protects your network. But if you have a larger business, you can purchase an additional business networking firewall.
2. Use complex passwords: Using secure passwords is the most important way to prevent illegal intrusions and use a password that has at least eight characters and a combination of numbers, upper and lowercase letters, and computer symbols. Hackers have an arsenal of tools to break short, easy passwords in minutes but don’t use recognizable words or combinations that represent birthdays or other information that can be connected to you. Don’t reuse passwords either; if you have too many passwords to remember, consider using a password manager like Dashlane, Sticky Password, LastPass, or Password Boss. Passwords are also important in the cybersecurity realm and most people still use simple passwords which are easy to guess. To avoid this, use different passwords at least for all important sites like email, social networking online payment accounts, and so on. Prefer random text over meaningful words as a password. In other words, ensure that your password is difficult to guess and one way to come up with a creative password is to brainstorm a random sentence.
3. Use updated Antivirus software: Antivirus software plays a major role in protecting your system by detecting real-time threats to ensure your data is safe and some advanced antivirus programs provide automatic updates. When you install an antivirus program, don’t forget to use it. You should run or schedule regular virus scans to keep your computer virus-free. Antivirus programs are still very effective when it comes to tackling threats and most antivirus programs receive constant updates that make them great for not just detecting issues but also fixing them. An antivirus comprises of an all-inclusive solution that keeps you safe online and offline and there is a huge collection of malware lurking in most websites and downloading them is easy. You can select a good antivirus software (free or paid) that provides protection against viruses, malware, worms, and internet threats. Viruses have various effects that may be easy to spot and they might slow your computer to a halt or delete key files.
4. Use Two-factor Authentication: You can limit your exposure to cyber-attacks by encouraging employees to use two-factor authentication which adds one more step to accessing accounts. When accessing accounts, you have to use your password and extra code that’s sent to your smartphone. Double authentication adds a layer of security and discourages cyber-attacks. Among many services, Google offers two-factor authentication for logging into your account. Instead of simply entering a username and password to log in, the website will prompt you to enter a code sent to your smartphone to verify your identity.
5. Use the URL of the site contains HTTPS instead of HTTP: HTTPS is a protocol for browsing the internet that uses encryption techniques and is more secure than HTTP. Look for the little padlock symbol in front of the web address in the URL bar as well as make sure the web address starts with the prefix https://. But if these things aren’t there, then the network isn’t secure and you shouldn’t enter any data you wouldn’t want to be made public. Remember that sending critical information such as credit card numbers or bank account numbers puts it at risk of being intercepted by hackers or cyber-attacks.
There is nothing more important than keeping your data safe when surfing and the mitre attack framework of hackers is real and it is important to make it difficult for them to steal your information. Since technology is complex, it has become very difficult to protect the computer from viruses and hackers and there are so many possibilities of hacking when we safeguard a computer system from unauthorized access. The good news is that there are also numerous ways to protect yourself. The above tips comprise of the most formidable ways of keeping your data safe. Be sure to apply them in your daily internet use to stay away from fraud and data theft.